The 17th century began when the “Madonna del Pilerio” sacred image was placed in the chapel with the same name, in the Cathedral. Although this crucial moment, the century was really tragic because of plagues, devastation and decline, undergoing through riots – the ones following the rebellion led by Masaniello- that caused an economic and politic interruption in the city. In 1638 a catastrophic earthquake provoked a series of terrible deaths, likewise the plague that wiped out the population in 1656.
Despite of the fatal calamities, there was a climax thanks to the intellectuals who gave prestige to Cosenza on a national level: Gian Vincenzo Gravina, Antonio Serra, Tommaso Cornelio and others. Charles of Bourbon took the throne of Naples in 1734 and he arrived in Cosenza the next year, but only in the 19th century the population fought against the Bourbon dynasty in order to create a united country. Several cartographic sources report notions on the events mentioned before.